Baum Site 1 Part II: Auxiliaries

The government in London understood the need for a large land force to compliment the work of the Navy, but the British army was spread out among Great Britain’s world-wide empire and troops needed to be kept in England in case of an attack by the French. The decision was made to recruit foreign assistance. King George III of Great Britain called on his brother-in-law, Prince Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand of Hanover, to help him put down the rebellion in America.

Burgoyne’s plan included a request for fourteen thousand troops to undertake the expedition from Canada to Albany by way of the Champlain/Hudson corridor. As the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Prince Karl provided approximately 4,000 of his Brunswickers to serve in the cause. King George provided an additional 4,000 British regulars. It was left to Carleton to raise the additional 6,000 troops.  The Indians were inclined to side with the British because they were fearful of the Americans’ desire to expand into their lands, but Burgoyne was wary of his Native allies. Native culture differed significantly from the line and file of European warfare, and on several occasions, Burgoyne had to reprimand the Natives for taking scalps and leading attacks on citizen populations. While their knowledge of the landscape, role as scouts, and intimidation factor proved to be invaluable to Burgoyne, he had significant challenges controlling them.

The French-Canadians were not inclined to side with either army, particularly since the Rebels had taken Montreal and laid siege to Quebec in 1775 -76 and the Canadians were forced into labor by the British army. Burgoyne's army would have to rely on colonists that remained loyal to the British government to help put down the upstart Rebels. They believed that the Loyalists would flock into the ranks when the British army arrived, but when Burgoyne departed in June of 1777 he had only ten thousand troops


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